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Tuesday, May 5, 2020 | History

7 edition of Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment found in the catalog.

Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment

a literature review and synopsis

by Randolph E. Jordan

  • 91 Want to read
  • 5 Currently reading

Published by Ann Arbor Science in Ann Arbor, Mich .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Oil spills.,
  • Petroleum -- Biodegradation.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Randolph E. Jordan, James R. Payne.
    ContributionsPayne, James R., joint author.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsGC1085 .J67
    The Physical Object
    Paginationx, 174 p. ;
    Number of Pages174
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4120904M
    ISBN 100250403811
    LC Control Number80066473

    Objective: To model the weathering/fate of an oil spill for oil property prediction and oil spill assessment Scope • To identify the primary factors affecting oil spill on sea surface • To investigate the effect of emulsification on rate of evaporation • To develop a numerical model for time evolution of crude oil properties on sea surface. The most biologically devastating oil spills in the marine environment are usually a result of: collision and/or sinking of oil tankers. Bioremediation has been particularly effective in marine . 4. The fate of oil in the marine environment The fate of petroleum in marine ecosystems has been intensively studied [5]. Crude oil and petroleum distillate products introduced to the marine environment are immediately subject to a variety of physical and chemical, as well as . Introduction. The BP/Deepwater Horizon Mississippi Canyon (MC) oil spill escaped from the Gulf of Mexico floor m below the surface and lasted 87 days, from 20 April through 15 July , leaking approximately 5 million barrels (bbl) of oil and natural gas (McNutt et al. a, b).During our routine coastal and offshore research trips, oil slicks were observed over a year Cited by: 8.

    Chapter 1 Sources of Oil in the Marine Environment. Transportation Losses. Accidental Spills from Tankers. Other Transportation Losses. Petroleum Exploration and Production Activities. Petroleum Use. Natural Seeps and Erosion. Chapter 2 Fate of Marine Oil Spills. Properties of Oil. The Weathering Processes. 2.


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Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment by Randolph E. Jordan Download PDF EPUB FB2

This review presents highlights of recent publications dealing with oil weathering. The fate of oil spills in the marine environment is addressed. The complex and interrelated processes of evaporation, dissolution, photochemical and microbial degradation, emulsification, sedimentation, and sinking.

Jordan, Randolph E. and Payne, James R. Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment: a literature review and synopsis / by Randolph E.

Jordan, James R. Payne Ann Arbor Science Ann Arbor, Mich Australian/Harvard Citation. Get this from a library. Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment: a literature review and synopsis. [Randolph E Jordan; James R Payne]. Oceanic oil pollution has become a major environmental issue.

This review attempts to assess the extent of this pollution problem and its impact on the marine environment. The complex nature of petroleum is discussed to the extent that it pertains to its effects and its fate in the by: Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment.

A literature review and synopsis / Randolph E. Jordan ; James R. Payne. Book Description. This book covers research completed between and May and includes: reviews of recent studies, sitings and investigations at spills-of-opportunity as well as results of recent arctic and sub-Arctic oil weathering experiments and observations on the behavior of.

@article{osti_, title = {Petroleum spills in the marine environment: The chemistry and formation of water-in-oil emulsions and tar balls}, author = {Payne, J R and Phillips, C R}, abstractNote = {This book covers research completed between and May and includes: reviews of recent studies, sitings and investigations at spills-of-opportunity as well as results of recent arctic.

THE FATE OF PETROLEUM IN THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT SUMMARY This report outlines progress toward understanding the fate of petroleum spilled in the marine environment. The Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment book updates the National Academy of Sciences report "Petroleum in the Marine Environment"1 and emphasizes the fate of oil in the higher latitudes.

The fate of spilled oil in the marine environment depends upon factors such as the quantity spilled, the oil’s initial physical and chemical characteristics, the prevailing climatic and sea conditions and whether the oil remains at sea or is washed ashore.

Oil spills in the sea. by Stanislav Patin, translation by Elena Cascio based on "Environmental Impact Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment book the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry". Below you will find a short discussion of oil fate and behavior during an oil spill Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment book the sea.

Click on the links at the Fate and weathering of petroleum spills in the marine environment book of the page to find more information on Environmental Impact of the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry. TIP Fate of marine oil spills.

This paper describes the combined effects of the various natural processes acting on spilled oil, collectively known as ‘weathering’. Factors which determine whether or not the oil is likely to persist in the marine environment are considered together with the implications for response operations.

Summary This book covers research completed between and May and includes: reviews of recent studies, sitings and investigations at spills-of-opportunity as well as results of recent arctic and sub-Arctic oil weathering experiments and observations on the behavior of crude oil in.

Petroleum Spills in the Marine Environment. Petroleum Spills in the Marine Environment book. Because of the accessibility of stranded tar balls on beach surfaces, their fate and weathering have been better characterized compared to tar balls dispersed in the water : James R.

Payne, Charles R. Phillips. Jordan R E and Payne J R Fate and Weathering of Petroleum Spills in the Marine Environment: A Literature Review and Synopsis (Ann Arbor, MI: Ann Arbor Science) Joye S B, Bowles M W, Samarkin V A, Hunter K S and Niemann H Biogeochemical signatures and microbial activity of different cold-seep habitats along the Gulf of Mexico deep Cited by: Fate of spilled oil in the marine environment.

Once a body of o il enters the marine environment, it undergoes weathering. The effects of oil spills on marine biological systems are of Author: Vicky Vinesh Narayan. This book covers research completed between and May and includes: reviews of recent studies, sitings and investigations at spills-of-opportunity as well as results of recent arctic and sub-Arctic oil weathering experiments and observations on the behavior of crude oil in the presence of ice.

Petroleum hydrocarbons disseminated by men into the marine environment cause many pollution problems. The fate of a spill of crude oil or refined product in the marine environment is determined by spreading, evaporation, dispersion, emulsification, dissolution, sedimentation and various degradation processes (1).Cited by: 2.

Response to Marine Oil Spills, 2nd Edition Chapter 2 Fate of Marine Oil Spills Properties of Oil The Weathering Processes we have devoted efforts to developing a wide range of technical services to promote effective response in the marine environment to back up our core role of responding to ship-sourced spills.

Impact of oil spills on marine organisms Ultimately, the impact of oil on marine organisms depends on the fate of the oil. As previously described, when oil is present in the environment, it is either dispersed in the top layer of the water (littoral zone) or remains on Cited by: 4.

When this complex mixture enters the environment from spills, ruptures, blowouts, or seeps, it undergoes a continuous series of compositional changes that result from a process known as weathering. Spills of petroleum involving human activity generally result in more rapid input of crude oil or refined products (diesel, gasoline, heavy fuel oil, and diluted bitumens) to the marine system than do Cited by: Introduction – context; spills in Canada 2.

hemical Composition,C Properties and Behaviour of Spilled Oil 3. ect of the Environment on the Fate and Behaviour of OilEff 4. ilO Toxicity and Ecological Effects 5.

odellingM of Oil Spills in Water 6. viewRe of Oil Spill Response File Size: 1MB. EPA / September PETROLEUM WEATHERING: SOME PATHWAYS, FATE, AND DISPOSITION ON MARINE WATERS By M. Feldman National Coastal Pollution Research Program Pacific Northwest Environmental Research Laboratory Program Element No.

1BA NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL. Weathering of Oil Spilled in the Marine Environment Article in Oceanography (Washington D.C.) 29(3) September with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Introduction. Marine oil spills often refer to releases of liquid petroleum hydrocarbons into the ocean or coastal areas due to human activities (Li, Cai, Lin, Chen, & Zhang, ).They include the releases of crude oil from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs, and wells; spills of refined petroleum products (such as gasoline and diesel) and their by-products; heavier fuels used Cited by: 6.

Abstract. Accidental oil spills or intentional operational discharges of crude oil and petroleum products and wastes often warrant chemical fingerprinting investigations to (1) establish the source of the oil if unknown, (2) confirm the source of the oil if suspected, and (3) determine the impact of the oil on the environment, both spatially and temporally.

2 Fate of Marine Oil Spills Arabian Bonny Light Merey Super Light Origin Saudi Arabia Nigeria Venezuela °API SG at 15°C Wax content 12% 13% 10% Asphaltenes 7% No data 9% Pour point °C 12°C °C Table 1: Physical characteristics of three typical crude oils.

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies includes 34 chapters that serve to present various aspects of environmental forensics in relation to “real-world” oil spill case studies from around the globe.

Authors representing academic, government, and private researcher groups from 14 countries bring a diverse and global perspective to this volume. A report by the National Research Council estimates that 50 to 70 percent of oil that is released into the sea is from natural seeps (National Research Council, ), indicating that catastrophic oil spills or the runoff from roads and highways are not the major sources of oil in the marine environment.

For example, approximately 37 tons of petroleum is emitted daily from seeps Author: G. Wardlaw, R. Nelson, C. Reddy, D. Valentine. FATE, EFFECT, BEHAVIOUR AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AS THE PRODUCTS WEATHER Hydrocarbons Marine Diesel: Diesel fuel is considered a non-persistent oil (as compared to a heavier Bunker or crude oil product) in even the most calm sea conditions, as it will lose 40% of its volume due to evaporation within 48 hours in cold weather.

Weathering of Oil Spilled in the Marine Environment ABSTRACT. Crude oil is a complex mixture of many thousands of mostly hydrocarbon and nitrogen- sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds with molecular weights ranging from below 70 Da to well over 2, Da. When this complex mixture enters the environment from spills, ruptures, blowouts, or.

16th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology Rhodes, Greece, 4 to 7 September CEST_ The Agia Zoni II oil spill: Short-term fate and imprint on the marine ecosystem of the Saronikos Gulf, Greece Parinos C.*, Hatzianestis I., Chourdaki S., Plakidi E., Gogou A.

Get this from a library. Petroleum spills in the marine environment: the chemistry and formation of water-in-oil emulsions and tar balls. [James R Payne; Charles R Phillips] -- This book covers research completed between and May and includes: reviews of recent studies, sitings and investigations at spills-of-opportunity as well as results of recent arctic and.

The book discusses: Input—where the discharges come from, including the role of two-stroke engines used on recreational craft. Behavior or fate—how oil is affected by processes such as evaporation as it moves through the marine environment.

Effects—what we know about the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on marine organisms and by: The quality of the environment is adversely affected by the activities of the petroleum industry. During exploration, drilling, transportation, processing, and storage, the petroleum industry discharges gaseous, liquid and solid wastes and products into the environment threatening the health of the population and damaging the quality of the environment by rendering farmlands and water bodies [ ].

with a background chapter on the composition and fate of petroleum and spill treating agents in the marine environment and is followed by separate chapters describing the ecological perspective and the physiological and toxicologi'cal effects of petroleum and spill treating agents on pinnipeds.

The fate of most petroleum spills on the sea appears to be a combination of evapo logical fate of petroleum in the marine environment. The most damaging, indisputable ad from the weathering effects of sun and oxygen, its residence time may be meas.

Figure shows the interrelationships among the physical, chemical, and biological processes that crude oil undergoes when introduced into the marine environment, subsequently weathers, and is then transported away from the source.

Processes involved in the weathering of crude oil include evaporation, emulsification, and dissolution, whereas.

• Effect of evaporative weathering and oil -sediment interactions on the fate and behavior of diluted bitumen in marine environments evaluated. • Physicochemical data and fate and behaviour information is essential for better predictive modelling of spilled petroleum.

Fate. Predictive oil weathering models which generate material balances for both specific compounds and psuedo-compounds (true boiling point distillation cuts) in a crude oil spill have been developed. Composite models have also been developed to provide realistic predictions on the environmental fate and behavior of oil spills.

Oil-suspended particulate matter aggregates: Formation mechanism and fate in the marine environment. Ocean Science Journal49 (4), DOI: /s Patrick Biber, Wei Wu, Mark Peterson, Zhanfei Liu, Linh by:. Effects of wind,wave,current,sunlight,environmental conditions and living action oil spilled pdf the marine environment are described in physical and chemical properties of it change continously with time because of the main processes of the changes caused are evaporation,dissolution,emulsification,adsorption-sink,light-oxidation and To investigate the long-term weathering of oil from the Deepwater Horizon download pdf incident, we examined oil-soaked sand patties collected from Gulf of Mexico beaches over a three-year period from to Analysis of oil residues indicates uniformity in their chemical composition as well as the presence of dispersant compounds that were used in response to the DWH spill.Their results reveal that ebook case of oil spills, with average environmental conditions, there is a risk of contamination for the city of Samsun.

Although the area under the risk is the same, contamination density is totally different depending upon the quantity and the type of spilt oil.